German manufacturers have admitted to financing study created to show emissions had decreased by forcing animals to breathe in exhaust fumes.
Last Friday, NY Times revealed that Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute in Albuquerque, New Mexico, had used a Volkswagen Beetle 2013 to make inhale emissions to ten monkeys locked in a room, where y could Watching a television screen that served as a distraction.
The experiments focused on "short-term nitrogen-dioxide inhalation by healthy people", according to the newspaper.
"That a whole industry has apparently attempted to dispense with scientific facts through brazen and dubious methods only makes the whole thing even more outrageous", Hendricks said.
The test was commissioned in 2014 by the European Research Group on Environment and Health in the Transport Sector (EUGT), a group founded in 2007 and entirely funded by the three auto makers.
The controversy comes as the German auto industry tries to recover from the "Dieselgate" scandal of 2015, in which it emerged several carmakers had fitted software to their diesel engines created to cheat emissions tests.
"These monkeys were forced to inhale risky diesel exhaust for four hours for no reason, and Care2 members firmly believe Volkswagen needs to take responsibility for this sickening experiment", said Rebecca Gerber, Care2's Senior Director of Engagement.
VW's supervisory board says it will conduct a full investigation, calling the experiments "utterly incomprehensible".
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"We are appalled by the nature and extent of the studies and their implementation", that company said in a statement.
The Lovelace Institute, with consent and awareness from the group, rigged a wildly inappropriate experiment which featured ten macaque monkeys, a VW Beetle and a gas chamber.
BMW, while distancing itself from the studies, said the assessment of the trial at Aachen University before an independent body with appropriate expertise - such as the ethics commission - should be taken into account. He said the 25 health volunteers were exposed to nitrogen-dioxide for three hours to measure the effects of pollutants in the workplace. They were then checked in a hospital for harmful effects. The source claimed that around $700,000 was given by the automakers to the not-for-profit organization to conduct such test.
News of the medical test in Germany has awakened uncomfortable memories of the Third Reich. "The indignation felt by many people is completely understandable".
"Everything must be done now to establish under whose orders and when these tests were carried out", said Mr Weill, who is on the supervisory board.
The Netflix documentary went on to reveal, that after Volkswagen supplied the diesel Beetle for use in the study, it demanded real time access to the results.